AskDefine | Define sad

Dictionary Definition

sad adj
1 experiencing or showing sorrow or unhappiness; "feeling sad because his dog had died"; "Better by far that you should forget and smile / Than that you should remember and be sad"- Christina Rossetti [ant: glad]
2 of things that make you feel sad; "sad news"; "she doesn't like sad movies"; "it was a very sad story"; "When I am dead, my dearest, / Sing no sad songs for me"- Christina Rossetti
3 bad; unfortunate; "my finances were in a deplorable state"; "a lamentable decision"; "her clothes were in sad shape"; "a sorry state of affairs" [syn: deplorable, distressing, lamentable, pitiful, sorry] [also: saddest, sadder]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

sæd, from *sadhaz, from . Cognate with Dutch zat ‘drunk’, German satt ‘well-fed, full’.

Pronunciation

  • /sæd/
  • Rhymes with: -æd

Adjective

  1. Sated, having had one's fill; satisfied, weary.
  2. Trustworthy, serious, grave.
  3. Feeling sorrow; sorrowful, mournful.
    She gets sad when he's away.
  4. Appearing sorrowful.
    The puppy had a sad little face.
  5. Causing sorrow; lamentable.
    It's a sad fact that most rapes go unreported.
    • The Great Gaels of Ireland God truly made mad.
    • For, all their wars are merry and all their songs are sad. ―G.K. Chesterton
  6. Poor in quality, bad.
    That's the saddest-looking pickup truck I've ever seen.
  7. Unfashionable; socially inadequate or undesirable.
    I can't believe you use drugs, you're so sad!

Translations

sad

Bosnian

Pronunciation

  • /sad/

Adverb

sad

Croatian

Pronunciation

  • /sad/

Adverb

sad

Czech

Noun

sad

Polish

Pronunciation

  • /sat/

Noun

sad (plural sady, locative singular sadzie)

Scots

Etymology

sæd.

Pronunciation

  • /sɑd/

Serbian

Pronunciation

  • /sad/

Adverb

sad

Cyrillic spelling

Slovene

Noun

sad

Extensive Definition

Sadness is an emotion characterized by feelings of disadvantage, loss, and helplessness. When sad, people often become quiet, less energetic and withdrawn. Sadness is considered to be the opposite of happiness, and is similar to the emotions of sorrow, grief, misery and melancholy. The philosopher Baruch Spinoza defined sadness as the “transfer of a person from a large perfection to a smaller one.”
Sadness can be viewed as a temporary lowering of mood (feeling blue), whereas clinical depression is characterized by a persistent and intense lowered mood, as well as disruption to one's ability to function in day to day matters.

Sadness and the accuracy of evaluation

Evidence presented by Forgas (1992, 1994) suggests that our mood has an influence on how accurately we evaluate each other. The effect on our accuracy might be a result of faulty information processing where a person may take his current mood as a source of information. He would then use this biased information as a bases for his evaluation. For instance, happy people are inclined to evaluate others in a positive way, and sad people are inclined to evaluate people in a negative way.
Sad people have been found to be less accurate than happy people in their evaluations, as well as taking a longer period of time for the evaluation. Several explanations for this have been postulated:
  • Functional (Forgas, 1998) – Mood indicates a social situation that in turn enables specific behaviors. Therefore, happiness indicates a positive social situation in which the behavior is more relaxed. In contrast, sadness indicates a dangerous social situation that requires more attention and for that reason requires greater information processing.
  • Motivational (Isen, 1984) -People in a positive mood avoid deep information processing that may cause them to doubt the positive situation they are in. In contrast, people in a sad mood strive to change the negative situation they are in.
  • The ability to process information is influenced by mood (Isen, 1987) - Happy people require less cognitional resources for deep and precise information processing than sad people. One study showed that resource blocking through use of distractions prevented people from deep and precise information processing and raised the comparative effectiveness of people in a sad mood.

Sadness and status

Sadness may affect a person's social standing.
Studies have found that when people recognize an expressed emotion, they tend to attribute additional characteristics to the person expressing that emotion (Halo effect). A happy person, therefore is perceived warmly whereas a sad person is perceived as weak and lacking ability and an angry person is perceived as powerful and dominant.(Keltner, 1997).
Tiedens's study explored whether people provide power to people they like or rather to people they perceive as powerful. The study, which examined social position in political, business and job interview situations, found that people prefer to give status position and power to an angry leader rather than to a sad one. People tend to give power to those perceived as powerful instead of to those whom they like. For example, in the business world, a positive statistical correlation was found between sadness and the extent of a person's social contribution, however angry people were perceived more deserving of status and promotion. Similarly, in the job interviews, angry people were perceived as more suitable for promotion and high salary than sad people.

See also

References

sad in Arabic: حزن
sad in Guarani: Vy'ave'y
sad in Aymara: Llaki
sad in Czech: Smutek
sad in German: Traurigkeit
sad in Spanish: Tristeza
sad in Croatian: Tuga
sad in Icelandic: Depurð
sad in Italian: Tristezza
sad in Hebrew: עצב (רגש)
sad in Lithuanian: Liūdesys
sad in Newari: नुग मछिनिगु
sad in Japanese: 悲しみ
sad in Norwegian: Sørgmodighet
sad in Polish: Smutek
sad in Portuguese: Tristeza
sad in Quechua: Llakikuy
sad in Sicilian: Tristizza
sad in Simple English: Sad
sad in Slovak: Smútok (cit)
sad in Finnish: Suru
sad in Turkish: Üzüntü
sad in Ukrainian: Сум (емоція)
sad in Yiddish: נידערגעשלאגענקייט
sad in Chinese: 悲傷

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Quaker-colored, abominable, acier, affecting, afflictive, anguished, anxious, arrant, ashen, ashy, atrocious, awful, badly off, base, beastly, beggarly, beneath contempt, beneath one, bitter, blackish, blameworthy, bleak, blue, bored, brutal, canescent, cheap, cheerless, cheesy, cinereous, cinerous, comfortless, common, contemptible, creamy, crummy, dapple, dapple-gray, dappled, dappled-gray, dark, dark-colored, darkish, darksome, debasing, degrading, dejected, delicate, demeaning, deplorable, depressed, depressing, depressive, desolate, despicable, detestable, dingy, dire, discomforting, disgraceful, disgusted, disgusting, dismal, dismaying, dispirited, distressful, distressing, doleful, dolorific, dolorogenic, dolorous, donsie, doomful, dove-colored, dove-gray, down, downbeat, downcast, dreadful, drear, dreary, dull, dumpish, dumpy, dusk, dusky, dusty, eggshell, egregious, enormous, evil-starred, fatal, fetid, filthy, flagrant, flat, fortuneless, foul, fulsome, funereal, funest, gaudy, gimcracky, glaucescent, glaucous, gloomy, gloss, grave, gray, gray-black, gray-brown, gray-colored, gray-drab, gray-green, gray-spotted, gray-toned, gray-white, grayed, grayish, grieving, grievous, grim, griseous, grizzle, grizzled, grizzly, gross, gutter, hapless, hateful, heavy, heavyhearted, heinous, horrible, horrid, humiliating, humiliative, ill off, ill-starred, in adverse circumstances, inauspicious, infamous, infra dig, infra indignitatem, iridescent, iron-gray, joyless, laden with sorrow, lamentable, lead-gray, leaden, light, livid, loathsome, long-faced, lousy, luckless, mean, melancholic, melancholy, mellow, meretricious, mirthless, miserable, monstrous, morose, mother-of-pearl, mournful, mouse-colored, mouse-gray, mousy, moving, nacreous, nasty, nauseated, nauseous, nefarious, nigrescent, noisome, notorious, obnoxious, odious, offensive, ominous, opalescent, oppressed, opprobrious, out of luck, outrageous, painful, pale, paltry, pastel, pathetic, patinaed, pearl, pearl-gray, pearly, piteous, pitiable, pitiful, planet-struck, pleasureless, poignant, poor, prey to malaise, quiet, rank, regrettable, repelled, reprehensible, repulsive, revolted, rotten, rubbishy, rueful, sad of heart, sad-eyed, sad-faced, saddened, saddening, sadhearted, scandalous, schlock, scrubby, scruffy, scummy, scurvy, scuzzy, semigloss, shabby, shameful, sharp, shocking, shoddy, short of luck, sickened, silver, silver-gray, silvered, silvery, simple, slate-colored, slaty, smoke-gray, smoky, sober, soft, soft-colored, soft-hued, softened, somber, sombrous, sordid, sore, sorrowful, sorry, squalid, star-crossed, steel-gray, steely, stone-colored, subdued, subtle, suffering angst, swart, swarthy, sweet, taupe, tear-jerking, tender, terrible, too bad, touching, trashy, triste, trumpery, two-for-a-cent, two-for-a-penny, twopenny, twopenny-halfpenny, unbecoming, unblessed, unclean, uncomfortable, underprivileged, uneasy, unfortunate, unfulfilled, ungratified, unhappy, unlucky, unprosperous, unprovidential, unquiet, unsatisfied, unworthy of one, valueless, vile, villainous, weighed upon, weighted down, woebegone, woeful, worst, worthless, wretched
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